Complete List of Safe Fruits & Vegetables for Bearded Dragons (2024)

Complete List of Safe Fruits & Vegetables for Bearded Dragons (1)

Bearded dragons can eat a variety of fruits, vegetables, and greens. This page will tell you which foods are safe and heathiest for your beardie.

Fruit and Vegetable Basics

Owners are responsible for ensuring their bearded dragon's diet is healthy. Like people, beardies can be picky eaters so it is up to you to make sure their diet is nutritious.

Diet by Age

Adult bearded dragons will eat more fruit and veggies than younger beardies. This is because juvenile bearded dragons are growing and need a diet that is higher in protein and fat. The table show how the diet needs change by age.

Adult DragonsYoung Dragons80% Fruit, vegetables, and greens20% Fruit, vegetables, and greens20% Insects80% Insects

Preparing Fruits and Veggies

Fruits and vegetables should be prepared correctly before they are fed to your beardie. Foods that are too large can cause digestion issues and increase the risk for impaction. You should cut any fruits, vegetables, and greens so the food is smaller than the distance between the beardies eyes (length, width, and height).

Some veggies may need to be cooked to make them easier to digest. Any cooked foods need to be cooled to room temperature before feeding them to your bearded dragon.

How to Identify Healthy Fruits & Vegetables

Some people may assume all fruits and vegetables are healthy, however that's not always true with bearded dragons. Keep in mind that the bearded dragon's natural habitat is dry and desert regions in Australia. So despite the fact they are omnivores their bodies have adapted to a diet consisting of food found in those regions. Below are some quick nutrition guidelines to help you identify foods which should not be a regular part of your beardies diet.

Oxalates and Oxalic Acid

Oxalates are produced by plants to help regulate and remove excess calcium. When plants high in oxalates are consumed by bearded dragons the oxalic acid will bind to calcium in the digestive track and prevent it from being absorbed. In other words, foods high in oxalates will reduce the amount of calcium bearded dragons can absorb. Foods containing more than 10mg of oxalates are considered high and should not be a staple food for your bearded dragon. Not all plants/vegetables contain high oxalates, but some of the highest levels are found in spinach, eggplant, mushrooms, and rhubarb.

Below are some quick guidelines regarding oxalates (note: the oxalic measurement is per serving, on TheBeardedDragon all serving sizes are set to 100g):

  • Foods containing less than 2mg of oxalates are considered low and should not pose any health issues
  • Food containing 2-9mg of oxalates contain a moderate amount of oxalic acid and should not be fed more than once per day.
  • Foods containing 10-30mg of oxalates contain a high level of oxalic acid and should not be fed more than once per week.
  • Foods containing 30-100mg of oxalates contain very high levels of oxalic acid. These foods should be fed in very small portions no more than twice per month.
  • Foods containing over 100mg of oxalates per 100g serving should be avoided. If the food's portion size is tiny (e.g. 5-10g per serving) it can be fed to bearded dragons once per month.

Calcium to Phosphorus Ratio

The calcium to phosphorus ratio is abbreviated Ca:P and indicates the ratio of calcium to phosphorus in one serving of food. Ideally you want foods with a Ca:P ratio higher than 1:1 (meaning each serving has more calcium than phosphorus). For example a Ca:P ratio of 2:1 is considered ideal as it has twice as much calcium than phosphorus. This is important because phosphorus binds to and prevents calcium from being absorbed. Foods with higher levels of phosphorus (e.g. apples) may create a calcium deficit due to the phosphorus binding to and blocking the calcium from other food sources. Below are some suggestions for foods with different ratios:

  • Ca:P ratio of 2:1 - these foods are perfect as they have twice as much calcium than phosphorus. Feed them daily to your beardie
  • Ca:P ratio of 1:1 - these foods have the same amount of calcium as phosphorus. They are safe to feed daily as long as other food sources provide the calcium they need.
  • Ca:P ratio of 0.5:1 - these foods have 2x as much phosphorus than calcium. If feeding these foods to your beardie, do so no more than twice a week and provide additional calcium from other foods or supplements.
  • Ca:P ratio of 0.3:1 - these foods have 3x more phosphorus than calcium and should be considered high risk. Feed no more than once per month and provide additional calcium from other foods or supplements.
  • Ca:P ratio less than 0.3:1 - these foods should be avoided and considered dangerous to feed to beardies. The effort required to safely correct the calcium deficit with additional supplementation exceeds any benefits the food may provide your bearded dragon.

Acidic Fruits and Vegetables

Foods that are considered acidic should be avoided. The high levels of acid can irritate the mouth and stomach lining in bearded dragons and lead to diarrhea and other discomfort. Use the tips below to determine which foods are acidic:

  • All citrus fruits should be avoided as they are all too acidic (lemons, oranges, grapefruits, etc.)
  • Foods with a PH value higher than 5.0 are safe to eat
  • Foods with a PH value of 4.5-5.0 can be tolerated if fed in moderation
  • Foods with a PH value of 4.25-4.5 may cause minor irritation and, if fed, should be in small quantities mixed with non-acidic foods
  • Foods with a PH value less than 4.25 should be avoided unless the food can easily be served in tiny portions with other food.

Sugar

Many popular fruits in grocery stores contain more sugar than anything bearded dragons find in the wild. Too much sugar can cause dental and mouth illnesses as well as obesity in bearded dragons. If the fruit contains more than 10g of sugar per 100g serving it should be fed as a treat and not a frequent part of their meal.

Fruits and Vegetables List

Below are complete lists of fruits and vegetables as well as their nutritional information.

Vegetables for Bearded Dragons

Below is a list of most common vegetables people feed or ask about feeding bearded dragons. Please review this list carefully as some vegetables are healthier than others and a few should be avoided. Nutritional information from the USDA was used to calculate the vitamin and mineral ratios.

Nutrition Notes

Nutrition details are for a 100g serving size

Ca:P is the ratio of Calcium to Phosphorus

mg is milligrams (1g = 1,000 mg)

The outlined frequency specifies how often you can serve the food to your bearded dragon.

Arugula (raw)

Daily

Ca:P

Calcium

Phosphorus

Oxalate

Vitamin A

3.1:1

160mg

52mg

7mg

2,373IU

See how to correctly prepare Arugula »

Broccoli (raw)

Twice per week

Ca:P

Calcium

Phosphorus

Oxalate

Vitamin A

0.7:1

47mg

66mg

2mg

623IU

See how to correctly prepare Broccoli »

Cabbage (raw)

Twice per week

Ca:P

Calcium

Phosphorus

Oxalate

Vitamin A

1.5:1

40mg

26mg

2mg

98IU

See how to correctly prepare Cabbage »

Carrots (raw)

Twice per week

Ca:P

Calcium

Phosphorus

Oxalate

Vitamin A

0.9:1

33mg

35mg

6mg

16,706IU

See how to correctly prepare Carrots »

Celery (raw)

Twice per week

Ca:P

Calcium

Phosphorus

Oxalate

Vitamin A

1.7:1

40mg

24mg

7mg

449IU

See how to correctly prepare Celery »

Cilantro

Daily

Ca:P

Calcium

Phosphorus

Oxalate

Vitamin A

1.4:1

67mg

48mg

5mg

6,748IU

See how to correctly prepare Cilantro »

Collards (raw)

Daily

Ca:P

Calcium

Phosphorus

Oxalate

Vitamin A

9.3:1

232mg

25mg

30mg

5,019IU

See how to correctly prepare Collards »

Cucumber (peeled)

Once per week

Ca:P

Calcium

Phosphorus

Oxalate

Vitamin A

0.7:1

14mg

21mg

2mg

72IU

See how to correctly prepare Cucumber »

Green Bell Peppers (raw)

Once per month

Ca:P

Calcium

Phosphorus

Oxalate

Vitamin A

0.5:1

10mg

20mg

117mg

370IU

What makes Green Bell Peppers unhealthy »

Iceberg Lettuce

Daily

Ca:P

Calcium

Phosphorus

Oxalate

Vitamin A

0.9:1

18mg

20mg

0mg

502IU

Kale (raw)

Twice per week

Ca:P

Calcium

Phosphorus

Oxalate

Vitamin A

4.6:1

254mg

55mg

10mg

4,812IU

See how to correctly prepare Kale »

Mustard Greens (raw)

Daily

Ca:P

Calcium

Phosphorus

Oxalate

Vitamin A

2:1

115mg

58mg

7mg

3,024IU

See how to correctly prepare Mustard Greens »

Parsley (fresh)

Once per month

Ca:P

Calcium

Phosphorus

Oxalate

Vitamin A

2.4:1

138mg

58mg

166mg

8,424IU

What makes Parsley unhealthy »

Red Tomatoes (raw)

Once per month

Ca:P

Calcium

Phosphorus

Oxalate

Vitamin A

0.4:1

10mg

24mg

26mg

833IU

What makes Red Tomatoes unhealthy »

Romain Lettuce

Daily

Ca:P

Calcium

Phosphorus

Oxalate

Vitamin A

1.1:1

33mg

30mg

0mg

8,710IU

See how to correctly prepare Romain Lettuce »

Spinach (raw)

Once per month

Ca:P

Calcium

Phosphorus

Oxalate

Vitamin A

2:1

99mg

49mg

658mg

9,377IU

What makes Spinach unhealthy »

Turnip Greens (raw)

Daily

Ca:P

Calcium

Phosphorus

Oxalate

Vitamin A

4.5:1

190mg

42mg

50mg

11,587IU

See how to correctly prepare Turnip Greens »

Zucchini (raw)

Once per week

Ca:P

Calcium

Phosphorus

Oxalate

Vitamin A

0.4:1

16mg

38mg

2mg

200IU

See how to correctly prepare Zucchini »

Please contact us if you know of any vegetables we can add to the list above.

Fruits for Bearded Dragons

Fruits are often high in sugar or low in calcium so many fruits should be used as treats. The fruits below are the most common fruits owners ask about so review the nutritional information before feeding them to your bearded dragon. All nutritional values were supplied from USDA. Keep in mind the following guidelines for fruits:

  • Citrus fruits are unhealthy for bearded dragons and should be avoided.
  • Remove any pits or seeds that may be inside the fruit before feeding.
Nutrition Notes

Nutrition details are for a 100g serving size

Ca:P is the ratio of Calcium to Phosphorus

mg is milligrams (1g = 1,000 mg)

The outlined frequency specifies how often you can serve the food to your bearded dragon.

Apples (without skin)

Once per week

Ca:P

Calcium

Phosphorus

Sugar

Vitamin A

0.5:1

5mg

11mg

10.1g

38IU

See how to correctly prepare Apples »

Bananas (raw)

Never

Ca:P

Calcium

Phosphorus

Sugar

Vitamin A

0.2:1

5mg

22mg

12.23g

64IU

What makes Bananas unhealthy »

Blackberries (raw)

Twice per week

Ca:P

Calcium

Phosphorus

Sugar

Vitamin A

1.3:1

29mg

22mg

4.88g

214IU

See how to correctly prepare Blackberries »

Blueberries (raw)

Once per week

Ca:P

Calcium

Phosphorus

Sugar

Vitamin A

0.5:1

6mg

12mg

9.96g

54IU

See how to correctly prepare Blueberries »

Cantaloupe (raw)

Once per week

Ca:P

Calcium

Phosphorus

Sugar

Vitamin A

0.6:1

9mg

15mg

7.86g

3,382IU

See how to correctly prepare Cantaloupe »

Grapes (American)

Once per week

Ca:P

Calcium

Phosphorus

Sugar

Vitamin A

1.4:1

14mg

10mg

16.25g

100IU

What makes Grapes unhealthy »

Mangos (raw)

Once per week

Ca:P

Calcium

Phosphorus

Sugar

Vitamin A

0.8:1

11mg

14mg

13.66g

1,082IU

See how to correctly prepare Mangos »

Peaches

Once per month

Ca:P

Calcium

Phosphorus

Sugar

Vitamin A

0.3:1

6mg

20mg

8.39g

326IU

What makes Peaches unhealthy »

Pears (raw)

Once per week

Ca:P

Calcium

Phosphorus

Sugar

Vitamin A

0.8:1

9mg

12mg

9.75g

25IU

See how to correctly prepare Pears »

Pineapple (raw)

Once per month

Ca:P

Calcium

Phosphorus

Sugar

Vitamin A

1.6:1

13mg

8mg

9.85g

58IU

What makes Pineapple unhealthy »

Strawberries (raw)

Once per week

Ca:P

Calcium

Phosphorus

Sugar

Vitamin A

0.7:1

16mg

24mg

4.89g

12IU

See how to correctly prepare Strawberries »

Watermelon

Once per week

Ca:P

Calcium

Phosphorus

Sugar

Vitamin A

0.6:1

7mg

11mg

6.2g

569IU

What makes Watermelon unhealthy »

Please contact us if you know of any fruits we can add to the list above.

Related Pages

Can Bearded Dragons Eat Apples?
Can Bearded Dragons Eat Cabbage?
Can Bearded Dragons Eat Collard Greens?
Can Bearded Dragons Eat Grapes?
Can Bearded Dragons Eat Kale?
Can Bearded Dragons Eat Lettuce?
Can Bearded Dragons Eat mango?
Can Bearded Dragons Eat Mustard Greens?
Can Bearded Dragons Eat Parsley?
Can Bearded Dragons Eat Peaches?
Are Pears Safe for Bearded Dragons to Eat?
Can Bearded Dragons Eat Spinach?
Can Bearded Dragons Eat Strawberries?
Can Bearded Dragons Eat Tomatoes?
Can Bearded Dragons Eat Turnip Greens?
Can Bearded Dragons Eat Watermelon?
Can Bearded Dragons Eat Arugula?
Can Bearded Dragons Eat Bananas?
Can Bearded Dragons Eat Bell Peppers?
Can Bearded Dragons Eat Blueberries?
Can Bearded Dragons Eat Broccoli?
Can Bearded Dragons Eat Cantaloupe?
Can Bearded Dragons Eat Carrots?
Can Bearded Dragons Eat Celery?
Can Bearded Dragons Eat Cilantro?
Can Bearded Dragons Eat Cucumbers?
Can Bearded Dragons Eat Pineapple?
Can Bearded Dragons Eat Blackberries?

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